HMBradley Bank Review: 3% APY After Saving 20% Of Your Paycheck

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HMBradley is another fintech bank startup that differs by offering customers up to 3% APY based on the percentage of their paycheck that they save. Deposits are FDIC-insured through Hatch Bank. What do you have to do to actually qualify for this rate? Will it be worth the hassle? Here’s my review of HMBradley after reading their FAQ, fee schedule, and deposit agreement. Thanks to reader Guarav for the tip.

Rate tiers. Interest is earned on balances up to $100,000 and is set each calendar quarter. The interest rate updates for all customers at the beginning of each calendar quarter: January 1st, April 1st, July 1st, and October 1st. In order to qualify for a “Savings Tier”, you must receive a direct deposit at least once per month and save at least 5% of your quarterly deposits.

New customers start in Tier 3 and stay there as long as they maintain at least one direct deposit per month. For example, if you open in May, the next reset date would be July 1st and your interest earned for the next 3 months is based on your activity in the previous 3 months. Here are the current rates for each tier:

$100 minimum to open. Interest is compounded daily and credited monthly.

Deposits vs. direct deposits. You must receive some sort of direct deposit each month, as defined below:

For our accounts, we define direct deposits as those deposits made by the customer’s employer or a federal or state government agency or retirement benefits administrator. These generally include payments made by corporations and other organizations. We do not consider deposits to an account that are made by an individual using online banking or other payment provider such as PayPal or Venmo as direct deposits.

However, for the calculations of “savings rates”, all deposits are considered including incoming transfers from another bank account. At the same time, your “spending” will also include any transfer out of your account, even if it’s just to another bank account that you own.

NOW account? No paper checks. It should be noted that HM Bradley’s account is actually a lesser-known form called a “negotiable order of withdrawal (NOW) account”, which per the CFPB which gives the bank the right to require at least seven days written notice of a withdrawal. Supposedly, this is rarely done in practice. Like a checking account, there are no limits on the number of withdrawals each month. However, unlike a checking account… there are no checks! You can probably work around most things using the online Billpay feature. I suspect that not having to deal with paper checks saves them a good chunk of money.

The Bank offers Negotiable Order of Withdrawal transaction checking accounts, which allows you to make deposits by check, ACH payment, transfer from another account at the Bank, or wire transfer. NOW accounts only are available to consumers for personal, family, or household purposes. The Bank does not offer business accounts and you agree not to use your HMBradley Account for business purposes. The Bank may request 7 days’ advance notice of a withdrawal or transfer of funds from the NOW account.

Features. No minimum balance, no monthly fees. No paper checks. There is fee-free ATM access via your Debit Mastercard at over 55,000 ATMs in the STAR and MoneyPass networks (or at any store that allows for cash back on debit purchases). There is online Billpay. However, there is currently no ability to deposit checks (including ATM deposits). In the future, they plan on having remote check deposit only. They may close your account without notice if you maintain a zero balance.

My thoughts. In the current rate environment, the ability to earn 3% APY on up to $100,000 is exceptional. I don’t know of any “rewards checking” account has a balance limit that high. However, there are a lot of moving parts here.

First, the short-term concerns. All new customers that open now (May) will earn 1% APY until July 1st, so there is a delay. If their savings rate is determined to be above 20% as of July 1st, then you will reach Tier 1, but will Tier 1 still be 3% APY then? There is no rate guarantee and they don’t promise to provide any set amount of advance notice. Given the recent Fed moves, there is going to be pressure for them to lower it. Their lower rate tiers have already dropped from what they initially advertised.

I’m also concerned about the long-term sustainability. I like the idea of promoting savings, but the system doesn’t seem to benefit “average” savers enough, while leaving it open to “high” savers. For an “average” saver, saving 15% of deposits is a lot especially if you already have a 401(k) plan, which means they’ll only earn 0.50% or 1% APY. Meanwhile, a “high” saver with sizable existing cash assets can qualify for the 3% easily and then park tens of thousands of dollars at HMBradley. All they have to do is switch over some amount of direct deposit and be careful with their withdrawals. Perhaps there will be enough customers satisfied with earning zero to 0.50% APY interest to subsidize the rest, but we’ll have to see.

Bottom line. HMBradley is a digital bank startup that differs by offering customers a high rate (currently up to 3% APY) based on the percentage of their paycheck that they save. The rules are a bit more complex than I’d like, but if the rates hold steady it can be a competitive offer for motivated savers.

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Comments

  1. I am a bit confused.
    Would you need to save a percentage from your direct deposit? Or from your pay?
    Let’s say I get 1000 a week from work and am saving 75% in my 401k and 250 a week in direct deposit. I am also able to save 20% of that. Why do your 401k contributions count as you say and qualify me as a low/tier one saver?
    I believe it’s probably just 20% of your direct deposit that you need to save, no?

    • Their savings rate is calculated based on all deposits and withdrawals into/out of the account.

      I’m just saying that in general, most people are not going to both save a large percentage in their 401k and also 20% of their remaining take home pay. If you’re doing that, I would consider you a high saver! 🙂

      • Thanks Jonathan. Sorry for duplicate comment below. I agree that going through hoops for something that will probably be cut not worth it. Marcus, Purepoint, Simple…all cutting. Probably won’t chase these on line bank deals anymore. Seems like it’s dying.
        I was lucky to open a add anytime 17 month cd at Navy in January for 2.25 with just $50 with plans to add to it after taxes were figured. Will probably just stick with that.

  2. I am confused.
    Let’s say I make 1000$ a week and save 75% of it in a 401k. My direct deposit is 250$ and I am able to save 25% of that.
    That would qualify me for tier 1, correct? How do they know what I get paid. Surely it’s based off your direct deposit and not pre-tax amount? Why do you think I would be tier one/low saver. I understand this to mean 25% of your direct deposit saved. No?

  3. So if I park, say, 25% of my bimonthly paycheck there, and then transfer up to a total of 100k,
    Would that work? Could I transfer the 25% DD out monthly to maintain a balance of 100K?
    Or would I have to DD the entire check?

    • They don’t say anything about size, they just require at least one direct deposit per month. The savings rate is determined by total deposits/withdrawals of any type.

  4. So to be clear, for every $1000 you add to the account (whether by direct deposit or other incoming transfer), you could only use $800 of it for paying bills or external transfers out. For every $1000 that comes in, your balance at the end of the period needs to be $200 higher than before those funds came in.

    Sounds like the way to game the system (err, make the most advantage of this offer) is if you have another checking account you use as a primary, but can split your direct deposit so only part of your paycheck goes into this account. Or for a dual income household, only one partner deposits their paychecks here.

    Suppose you have $50k in cash you want to earn 3% on. Right now, you could open the account with just $1k, and direct $1k/mo of your paycheck into this account as a direct deposit. Closer to July 1, you could transfer more of the balance in. Then on an ongoing basis, you could transfer in $1000/mo and spend up to $800 of it, so you’re saving 20% of your $1000/mo but earning 3% on the whole $50k balance.

    You can transfer more in the account at any time and earn 3% on that balance, but if you transfer a big chunk out to another account, you would lose your tier status for that quarter. In that way, it functions a little like a CD with a penalty. Although suppose you transferred out $10k of your $50k balance, that would cost you 3% for the whole quarter (or $375), where if you’re buying CDs you could buy them in $10k chunks. So this account is really designed to be your only/main savings account, and penalizes you for ever spending it. If you used this account to save up for a car, when you actually withdrew the money to pay for the car, your interest rate would plummet for that quarter.

    Overall, not worth it to me.

    • I think you have it right. If you take out too much money during a certain quarter, you will get penalized for it the next quarter, like an interest time-out. But at least it wouldn’t be retroactive and you could just take out all/most of the money when you know a zero interest quarter is coming ahead.

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