Marketing, Lies, and Scary 529 Investment Options

Let’s say you’ve dutifully opened up a 529 college savings plan for your child and are looking for a suitable investment options. You’re not looking for a miracle, just a conservative investment to grow your savings for a while since college is coming up fast. You read the brochure for one of the funds:

The OIM Core Plus Fixed Income strategy is rooted in the idea that individual security selection produces the best opportunity for risk-adjusted excess returns over time. Through an extensive, bottom-up research process, our portfolio management team focuses on optimal bond selection of investment grade corporate bonds, mortgage-backed securities, US Government Treasuries and taxable municipal bonds. The team employs a tightly controlled duration discipline and closely manages all portfolio risk factors. The portfolio management team’s objective is to produce predictable, consistent excess returns net of fees over the Barclay’s Capital Aggregate Bond Index.

Sounds pretty good, all the buzzwords are hit. Risk-adjusted excess returns. Predictable, consistent, yup. Beat the average! This reminds me of the Money Magazine Mad Libs game.

Fast forward a couple of years:

In the Illinois BrightStart 529 plan, the Oppenheimer Core Plus bond fund lost 38% of its value in 2008, while the fund’s benchmark actually rose 5.24%. How’s that for “excess” returns? It turns out the fund used leverage and invested in mortgage-linked securities. After a lawsuit, Oppenheimer settled for $77 million, which amounts to only half of the losses.

In the Oregon College Savings 529 Plan, the Oppenheimer Core Bond fund made up 10% to 40% of the popular automatic age-based portfolios for the 529 plans. The fund dropped roughly 35% in 2008. Oppenheimer settled for $20 million, which is about 57% of the losses. In the New Mexico 529 Plan – you guessed it – the same thing happened and they recently settled for $67 million.

This means that in 2008 Oppenheimer lost roughly $300 million of people’s college savings across just three states in a fund that was supposed to be very conservative and sold to those with children within 5 years of college. I would never invest in any Oppenheimer fund after reading this. Not only did they mislead their investors – if not outright lied – they only partially reimbursed them after being sued and faced with a huge jury penalty.

Stories like this to keep me happily investing in low-cost passively-managed bond funds which are satisfied to carefully track a set benchmark. You really never know what a manager is doing when trying to “beat the benchmark”. When it comes to bond funds, it is very very hard to do so without taking on more risk, especially when they have to overcome their own high fees.

Resources
Found via: Mish’s Economics Blog, CNN More Money Blog.
News articles: AP, Star-Tribune, Oregon 529 Press Release

Comments

  1. The NY 529 plan is administered by Vanguard. Yes, one thing that NY didn’t screw up.

  2. Colorado’s is also administered by Vanguard and invested in their index funds.

  3. Jonathan, thanks for bringing this to our attention. Gotta love index funds. Thanks, Vanguard!

  4. Thanks for bringing this to light. The worst part of this is Oregon still uses Oppenheimer funds for their 529 and doesn’t allow tax deductions from any other 529 plans.

    You really need to do your research and chose lost-cost index funds. Vanguard & Fidelity both offer some great ones.

  5. Wasn’t there a second option on money savings for education, other then 529′s? I think I read somewhere about it. The plus was that money can be spend for education (any, even yours) vs. 529 for your kids college, only.

  6. 529s can be really confusing because we-parents have 50 states, 100 plans and about 2,700 investment choice.

    One of the really crazy happenings is that you can end up buying the exact same fund for highly variable expense ratios. Take the Total Stock Market Index 529 Portfolio.

    Oregon – 21 basis points
    Nebraska – 91 basis points

    That’s the same fund, but a 70 basis point spread. You might ask why the difference? Vanguard charges 6 points. Nebraska adds on another 85 basis points. Oregon only adds on 21 basis point. AND.. some parent’s don’t know that you can invest other state’s plan.

    There’s a tool we developed called the 529 Comparison Tool that is the only one on the web to highlight these differences for free. http://www.cloudfi.com/app/529

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