What are the Cheapest Vegetables Per Pound?

While doing research about getting the most nutrition for my dollar, I ran across an interesting report from the U.S. Department of Agriculture called How Much Do Fruits and Vegetables Cost? [pdf]. The overall goal of the study was to better understand why Americans don’t eat the recommended amount of fruits and vegetables. Here are some neat charts of vegetables ranked by price per pound, as well as ranked by cost per edible cup equivalent:

Legumes and pulses like beans, lentils, and peas were considered separately. Here’s their chart, ranked by edible cup equivalent:

There are more charts in the full study, covering canned fruits and so on. Here are a few of their major findings:

  • An adult on a 2,000-calorie diet could satisfy USDA recommendations for vegetable and fruit consumption for around $2 to $2.50 per day. This accounts for both amount and eating a variety of fruits and vegetables.
  • Canned or frozen fruits and vegetables were not consistently more or less expensive than fresh produce. For example, canned carrots (34 cents per edible cup equivalent) were more expensive than whole fresh carrots eaten raw (25 cents per edible cup equivalent), but for peaches the opposite was true.
  • You shouldn’t just compare prices per pound, as the amounts may shrink after cooking and removing inedible parts. For example, fresh broccoli florets and fresh ears of sweet corn both sold for around $1.80 per pound at retail stores. After boiling and removing inedible parts, however, the sweet corn cost almost twice as much as the broccoli florets ($1.17 vs. 63 cents per edible cup equivalent).

I actually discovered this information after purchasing the ingredients on my $1.50 a day menu, but my trips to the grocery store and ethnic food markets resulted in similar conclusions. The dried pinto beans, dried lentils, carrots, and onions that I ended up choosing were all amongst the cheapest vegetables in the study (while still providing plenty of nutrition!). Cauliflower, potatoes, and cabbage would have also been good choices. It would be interesting to have some sort of ranking based on nutritional value, but that would be hard to simplify down to a single number.


  1. ANDI scores represent Dr. Fuhrman’s ranking of nutritional values in terms of nutrients-per-calorie. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aggregate_Nutrient_Density_Index

  2. Great info! I hadn’t really thought so much about the different in individual vegetables cost vs each other before. This will definitely affect my shopping habits.

  3. Interesting. I don’t think price is the reason nobody eats enough fruits and veggies. If vegetables were free in this country I still believe that most would underconsume them.

  4. Alistair Nicol says:

    Brady is right. ANDI is a pretty good measure of nutritional info. Whole Foods uses that system.

    Another one is NuVal http://www.nuval.com/

    Keep it up

  5. I would have guessed carrots and potatoes would be cheap.

  6. @Andy Some other things to consider is the time to cook vegetables vs order takeout/fast food, and the cost of storing and maintaining your kitchen with fresh food. If you primarily eat microwavable and canned foods they keep much longer so you make less trips to the grocery store. As a person who has started to eat more fresh foods, I can tell you I went from grocery shopping once a month to now once a week.

  7. I was surprised that the first chart shows cauliflower as costing 55 cents a pound. In the Northwest, I’ve never seen it for less than $1.00, even on sale. The report is based on 2008 prices, but I can’t imagine that vegetables have gone up that much.

  8. Most of the USDA’s per pound prices of vegetables look obscene to me. Maybe these are the prices you pay at a high-end grocery store if you try to avoid sales, but I rarely pay more than 70 cents to $1.00 per pound for any vegetable, unless I am being extravagant and buying cherry tomatoes or bagged salad greens. I regularly get fresh produce like zucchini, cauliflower, broccoli, brussels sprouts, and cabbage for 25 to 50 cents per pound. I’m curious whether other readers find the USDA’s prices to be realistic.

  9. @Amy – I only spot checked a few of these based on the weekly circulars for my local grocery stores and all of the USDA prices were lower than the *sale* prices listed. I would imagine prices vary by region, though. For example, a pound of mushrooms whole is $2.69 and onions are $1.29/lb. But a 5lb bag of potatoes is only $3 so that one is close.

  10. If you’re buying fresh produce, buying what’s in season makes a huge difference. Those lists are an interesting resource though.

    Also, am I the only one who found these items funny? “Carrots, baby.” “Corn, sweet.”

  11. Great post!

  12. Corn is not a vegetable. It’s a grain.

    • Corn is a vegetable, and it is a grain. Grains are a vegetable. It is one part of a plant, grains are a type of seed. You have seeds, fruit, leaves, roots, stems. Those are the 5 sections of a plant that we eat and all are vegetables. Mushrooms aren’t a vegetable – they aren’t plants. As far as freshness goes, there are only 3 vitamins that really degrade. Vitamin C is the fastest degrading so eat uncooked fruit. The rest of them it really doesn’t matter, the most a few degrade is 50% and that is with extreme cooking and the rest it is less than 10%. As long as you don’t boil your vegetables (unless you drink the broth) you really don’t need to worry about nutrient loss. And of course you won’t get your B vitamins from most vegetables so either eat meat, eggs, or yeast.

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